Promising Treatments for Borderline Personality Disorder

Schema Focused Therapy

Farrell J. M., Shaw, I. A., Webber, M.A. (2009). A schema-focused approach to group psychotherapy for outpatients with borderline personality disorder: A randomized controlled trial. The Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 40, 317–328.

Leppänen, Virpi & Hakko, Helinä & Sintonen, Harri & Lindeman, Sari. (2015). Comparing Effectiveness of Treatments for Borderline Personality Disorder in Communal Mental Health Care: The Oulu BPD Study. Community mental health journal. 52.

Emotion Regulation Group Therapy

Gratz, K. L., Gunderson, J. G. (2006). Preliminary data on an acceptance-based emotion regulation group intervention for deliberate self-harm among women with borderline personality disorder. Behavior Therapy, 37.

Gratz, K. L., Tull, M. T.,  Levy, R. (2014). Randomized controlled trial and uncontrolled 9-month follow-up of an adjunctive emotion regulation group therapy for deliberate self-harm among women with borderline personality disorder. Psychological Medicine, 44, 2099–2112.

Metacognitive Training

Schilling, L. (2015) Preliminary results on acceptance, feasibility, and subjective efficacy of the add-on group intervention metacognitive training for borderline patients. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 29(2), 153-164.

Problem Solving Therapy

McMurran, M., Crawford, M. J., Reilly, J., Delport, J., McCrone, P., Whitham, D., Tan, W., Duggan, C., Montgomery, A. A., Williams, H. C., Adams, C. E., Jin, H., Lewis, M., & Day, F. (2016). Psychoeducation with problem-solving (PEPS) therapy for adults with personality disorder: A pragmatic randomised controlled trial to determine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a manualised intervention to improve social functioning. Health Technology Assessment, 20(52).


Zanarini, M. C., & Frankenburg, F. R. (2008). A Preliminary, Randomized Trial of Psychoeducation for Women With Borderline Personality Disorder. Journal of Personality Disorders, 22(3), 284–290.

Interpersonal Group Therapy

Munroe-Blum, H., & Marziali, E. (1995). A controlled trial of short-term group treatment for Borderline Personality Disorder. Journal of Personality Disorders, 9(3), 190–198.

Emotional Intelligence Training

Jahangard, L., Haghighi, M., Bajoghli, H., Ahmadpanah, M., Ghaleiha, A., Zarrabian, M. K., & Brand, S. (2012). Training emotional intelligence improves both emotional intelligence and depressive symptoms in inpatients with borderline personality disorder and depression. International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice, 16(3), 197–204.

Cognitive Rehabilitation

Pascual, J. C., Palomares, N., Ibáñez, Á., Portella, M. J., Arza, R., Reyes, R., Feliu-Soler, A., Díaz-Marsá, M., Saiz-Ruiz, J., Soler, J., & Carrasco, J. L. (2015). Efficacy of cognitive rehabilitation on psychosocial functioning in Borderline Personality Disorder: A randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry, 15(1).

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy

Morton, J., Snowdon, S., Gopold, M., & Guymer, E. (2012). Acceptance and commitment therapy group treatment for symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder: A public sector pilot study. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 19(4), 527–544.